The fake news phenomenon hasn’t spared the Balkans. In Bosnia & Herzegovina, it fuels a lucrative industry.
Many people have a somewhat morbid habit to read about death and dead people, which explains why obituaries or crime articles are popular. When killing is involved, these stories are even more gripping, getting more eyeballs. Originalno.org, a website in Bosnia & Herzegovina, seems to know that very well, publishing every day an article about the death or murder of a famous person. The only problem is that these articles, like anything else on Originalno, are fake.
Readers couldn’t be bothered less. Originalno is only one of the many bogus websites that have spread across Bosnia & Herzegovina, a small Balkan nation of 3.5 million. “Misinformation websites that publish untruthful information and manipulate facts have spread at a rapid pace in the past decade helped by the advance of new technologies, raising serious political problems,” Semir Dzebo wrote in “Lying for Profit,” a report written as part of CMDS’ The Business of Misinformation project.
Dzebo’s research work, aimed at unearthing ownership and financial data about the misinformation websites catering to Bosnian audiences, found that the majority of these websites are motivated solely by profit, which is generated mostly through AdSense, the ad sale program owned by the tech giant Google.
Dzebo found four categories of misinformation websites in Bosnia & Herzegovina:
- for-profit misinformation websites without real journalism,
- real journalism websites with misinformation content,
- real journalism websites with misinformation content and political propaganda, and
- misinformation websites with consistent political propaganda.
Highly concerning is the habit of established media outlets to increasingly engage in misinformation practices as a way to attract more readers or as they try to please the politicians who support them.
The study, summarizing the key findings of over five months of research and investigations, used information from Raskrinkavanje.ba, a fact-checking website that publishes a list of misinformation websites in Bosnia & Herzegovina. Last May, Raskrinkavanje.ba issued a report that analyzes the content found on Bosnian misinformation platforms.